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Changing Seasons: Three Generations of Pennsylvania Impressionists

July 27–December 5, 1999

In the early 20th century, a group of artists rooted in the American Realist tradition and influenced by French Impressionism worked closely together in New Hope, Pennsylvania, some 40 miles north of Philadelphia on the Delaware River. Many of these artists met while attending the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, and later moved to Bucks County. They found the natural beauty of the Delaware River and its surrounding hills ideal subjects for a new, loosely brushed style of painting. Widely known as the New Hope School, their work is featured in this exhibition of 16 paintings from the holdings of the Philadelphia Museum of Art and a private collection.

Although members of the New Hope School also painted figures and interiors, they are best known for fresh interpretations of landscapes, which continue to inspire contemporary Bucks County artists. The Pennsylvania Impressionists painted outdoors, directly from nature, even during severe weather. Edward Redfield (1869-1965) and Charles Rosen (1878-1950) are best remembered for their snow scenes, a wintry specialty that required ingenuity in response to inclement conditions--on windy days, for example, Redfield simply strapped has canvases directly to trees. While he also spent most of his time painting landscapes, Daniel Garber (1880-1958) was equally noted for his large figure compositions and interiors, often depicting close friends and family members. The Orchard Window (1918) and Morning Light, Interior (1923), feature Garber's daughter, Tanis. Both paintings are complemented by bold, hand-carved and gilded frames made by Frederick Harer (1880-1949), who worked closely with painters of the New Hope School.

Main Building


Ann Temkin • The Muriel and Philip Berman Curator of Twentieth-Century Art
Michael Taylor • Assistant Curator of 20th-Century Art

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