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Rondel showing Holofernes's Army Crossing the Euphrates River, from the Sainte Chapelle, Paris

Artist/maker unknown, French

Made in Saint-Chapelle, Paris, France, Europe


Stained and painted glass

Diameter: 23 3/8 inches (59.3 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Decorative Arts and Sculpture

* Gallery 202, European Art 1100-1500, second floor

Accession Number:

Credit Line:
Purchased with funds contributed by Mrs. Clement Biddle Wood in memory of her husband, 1930

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Additional information:
  • PublicationPhiladelphia Museum of Art: Handbook of the Collections

    This panel is one of three at the Museum from the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris, the spectacular Gothic church built by King Louis IX (later Saint Louis) in 1243-48 to house sacred relics. The building is illuminated by windows fifteen feet high with stained-glass scenes from the Bible. The Museum's roundel is an element from the window devoted to the Apocryphal Book of Judith. Its subject is derived from a mere phrase in the biblical text, which the unknown artist has made into a sophisticated asymmetrical composition with two conversing horsemen, one seen from the back, and a contrasting group of mounted knights. Strong lead lines and brilliant colors contribute to its easy legibility. The Museum's glass was removed in the early nineteenth-century when the chapel was turned into an archive. On a trip to France, Philadelphian William Poyntell bought the three panels, one of the first important acquisitions of medieval stained glass by an American, although the Sainte-Chapelle provenance was not established until l967. Dean Walker, from Philadelphia Museum of Art: Handbook of the Collections (1995), p. 110.

* Works in the collection are moved off view for many different reasons. Although gallery locations on the website are updated regularly, there is no guarantee that this object will be on display on the day of your visit.