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Prices of Cabinet and Chair Work, Philadelphia, 1772
Prices of Cabinet and Chair Work, Philadelphia, 1772 (page 1)
James Humphreys, Jr., American
Book with letterpress
3 3/4 x 6 1/8 x 5/16 inches (9.5 x 15.6 x 0.8 cm)
Promised gift of Thomas S. Howland, Jr. and Dolores B. Howland in memory of Earl and Margaret McAllister
building
The Fix on Colonial Philadelphia Furniture: A Secret Guide to Cabinetmakers’ Prices
July 3, 2008 - February 22, 2009
In 1772, a group of Philadelphia master cabinetmakers published Prices of Cabinet and Chair Work, a 36-page book listing furniture forms and their decorative variations, retail prices for furniture in mahogany and walnut, and the wages to be paid to the journeymen who made the furniture. This book was known to twentieth-century furniture scholars and collectors through two incomplete manuscript (handwritten) copies until the discovery in 2003 of the single surviving copy of the printed book, pictured here. This exhibition features furniture from the Museum's permanent collection that is delineated in the book of prices, including three large case pieces with the three types of tops, or "heads", from least expensive to most expensive: flat, pitch pediment, and scroll pediment. In the Powel Room (gallery 287), the Museum's Cadwalader set of furniture is featured with a copy of its original bill, showing how the prices Philadelphia cabinetmaker Thomas Affleck charged the Cadwaladers in 1770 for furniture on view matches the prices set forth in the 1772 price guide.

In colonial Philadelphia, master cabinetmakers (shop owners) used this secret publication to fix furniture prices and set the wages they paid to the journeymen, highly skilled cabinetmakers who plied their trade at a number of shops. The currency given was in the British pound of colonial Pennsylvania: £ for pounds, f for shillings*, and d for pence. Currency values fluctuated often and varied between colonies, but the typical wage for a skilled laborer in Philadelphia in 1772 was about ten shillings per day.

The printed Philadelphia price book appeared sixteen years before a similar one was published in London. The necessity for a furniture price book in Philadelphia in 1772 reveals the complexity and competitiveness of the cabinetmaking trade in this city, then the second largest in the British empire after London. Facsimiles of the book are on view in this exhibition.

* f was often used in eighteenth-century script and printing for the letter “s.”

Sponsors

This exhibition was funded by a grant from The Getty Foundation.

Curator

Alexandra Alevizatos Kirtley • Associate Curator of American Decorative Arts

Location

Galleries 286 and 287, second floor
 

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