Indian and Himalayan Art
Face of BhairavaMade in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Asia
Malla Dynasty (1200-1769), c. 16th century
Artist/maker unknown, Nepalese
Mercury-gilded copper alloy with rock crystal, paint, foil, and glass decoration
Currently not on view
1998-77-1Purchased with the Stella Kramrisch Fund, 1998
LabelA wrathful form of the Hindu god Shiva, Bhairava, like Durga, is a popular deity in Nepal. As the protector of the city of Kathmandu he is venerated by both Hindus and Buddhists. Monumental masklike faces of Bhairava, such as this repoussé example, are made in Nepal for various festivals, most notably for Indra-Jatra, which is celebrated over several days in early fall in the Kathmandu Valley. The mask is connected to a large pot filled with homebrewed beer, then garlanded with leaves and flowers and placed on a wooden platform. At the appropriate auspicious moment, the sanctified beer is released, spurting out of Bhairava’s open mouth as crowds of worshipers jostle to catch a mouthful, receiving it as a gift and a blessing from the god.