Close Helmet for the Game of the Bridge (Gioco del Ponte)

Artist/maker unknown, Italian

Geography:
Made in Italy, Europe

Date:
c. 1600, with later alterations

Medium:
Painted steel (now oxidized to a deep russet color)

Dimensions:
Weight: 7.9 lb., 7 pounds 14.8 ounces (3595 x 3595g) 10 5/8 x 9 13/16 x 10 7/16 inches (27 x 24.9 x 26.5 cm)

Curatorial Department:
European Decorative Arts and Sculpture

Object Location:

* Gallery 247, Arms and Armor, second floor (Kretzschmar von Kienbusch Galleries)

Accession Number:
2011-133-1

Credit Line:
Purchased with funds contributed by the Young Friends of the Philadelphia Museum of Art, 2011

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Label:
An adaptation and continuation of a venerable medieval civic contest, the Game of the Bridge (Gioco del Ponte) was a mock-battle held annually in the Italian city of Pisa with almost no interruption from 1568, the date of its establishment, to 1807. The male inhabitants of the neighborhoods north and south of the Arno River, which divides the city, would meet in battle over a bridge and fight to gain control of it and to invade the opposite side. The participants wielded specially made wooden shields, which they also swung as clubs, and wore obsolete medieval and Renaissance helmets and body armor originally designed for warfare but altered for the game. They also personalized the combat gear with the bright colors and mottoes (war cries) of the individual squadrons on each side. This helmet was made for the San Antonio or Satiri squadron.


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